How much vitamin D is necessary for health?
It is important to know what is vitamin d used for before taking medication. A blood test ordered by a doctor will assess the body’s need for supplementation. The level of vitamin D in the blood should be between 30 and 45 ng/mL. In case of vitamin D deficiency, the doctor prescribes a supplement. The weekly dose of vitamin D varies 400 and 2000 TV for eight weeks. A dose higher than 2000 IU per day quickly becomes a source of unwanted effects. This dose should be taken under supervision and its blood levels should be checked regularly.
What are the side effects of vitamin D overdose?
As vitamin D deficiency causes unwanted symptoms, an overdose also poses health risks. The biggest risk is to see calcium level increase in blood The first risk remains hypercalcemia, the second – hypercalciuria.
Vitamin D: Rare side effects
To see what it looks like, consequences of vitamin D overdose, the surplus must be consumed. These effects may include:
- head dizziness;
- bowel disorders;
- muscle and joint pain;
- heart rhythm disorders;
- strong thirst.
These symptoms disappear long after the supplement is discontinued. The most serious risk of an overdose of vitamin D is that calcium is no longer removed according to the organism. Hypercalcemia then leads to hypercalciuria. This exposure poses a real health risk.
Risk of vitamin D overdose in children
Although vitamin D supplements are available recommended from birth, an overdose is dangerous. Vitamin D deficiency causes the risk of rickets and stunted growth. Therefore, it is important to give supplements. However, a child’s kidneys work worse than an adult’s. The doctor recommends a daily dose based on age. The Daily requirement of vitamin D to represent:
- 400 TV per day for a healthy child from 0 to 18 years;
- 800 TV per day for a child belonging to the risk group from 0 to 18 years old.
To ensure quality supplementation, ANSES and numerous studies recommend prefers drugs to food supplements. For children, it is better to use controlled drugs rather than over-the-counter supplements for vitamin D supplementation. Vitamin D medications are available in ampoules or vials.
Sun and food overdose risk
Adverse effects of overdosage due to sun exposure or diet are very rare. Foods like cod liver oil should be eaten a large amount of to reach an overdose. Two weeks of sun exposure is not enough to saturate the body with vitamin D. It is not enough to eat foods rich in vitamin D from various sources. Whatever the age, addition is often strict.
It is noted that more than 50,000 IU are needed to reach 150 ng/ml per day. The normal blood level of vitamin D is known to be 30 ng/ml. Therefore, it is necessary to use large daily doses notice a real health hazard.