What are the symptoms of vitamin A deficiency?

Xerophthalmia: a symptom of vitamin A deficiency

Vitamin A is essential eye health. One of the first symptoms of vitamin A deficiency is night blindness. If the deficiency is not filled, the conjunctiva and cornea dry out. This is xerophthalmia. In more advanced vitamin A deficiency, foamy plaques may be deposited on the bulbar junctions. Without proper treatment, xerophthalmia progresses rapidly permanent blindness.

Xerophthalmia mainly affects children who are malnourished and low in protein. Early diagnosis of this disease is difficult. When the signs are obvious, vitamin A deficiency is already advanced. Treatment for xerophthalmia includes: high-dose vitamin A supplementation for a few days. The treatment program is continued at lower doses until symptoms improve or disappear.

Vitamin A deficiency and immune deficiency

Vitamin A stimulates the production of antibodies and strengthens the immune system. Together with vitamins C and D, it helps fight colds and other seasonal diseases. Have you been suffering from frequent infections lately? They are a part symptoms of vitamin A deficiency. Your doctor may order a blood test to confirm the diagnosis.

To make up for vitamin A deficiency, include fruits and vegetables rich in beta-carotene in your diet. From foods such as liver supply the body with vitamin A in the form of retinol. When the deficiency is more severe, your doctor may prescribe vitamin A supplements.

Vitamin A deficiency and stiffness in children

Growth retardation is observed when a child does not gain enough weight and does not develop enough. His comparison growth curve with established standards allows the doctor to make a diagnosis.

Slowing down is often associated with diseases or poor diet. This is one of the symptoms insufficient amount of vitamin A in the body. This trace element plays an important role in cell differentiation and growth. Studies have shown a connection between vitamin A deficiency in pregnant women and intrauterine and postnatal growth retardation.

Vitamin A supplements along with vitamin D supplements, also known as sunshine vitamins, compensate for the deficiency. The consumption of fruits and vegetables rich in beta-carotene provides the body with a noticeable reserve of vitamin A in the liver.

Vitamin A deficiency and skin health

Vitamin A is an important ally for your skin. This powerful antioxidant helps fight free radicals and slows down the signs of aging. Vitamin A deficiency has an effect for the health of your skin. This can lead to increased scarring or delayed wound healing.

Acne caused by vitamin A deficiency

Acne is a skin disease that usually occurs in teenagers. However, acne can affect some adults, such as postmenopausal women. This manifests as blackheads, whiteheads or pimples. Acne occurs from a excess sebum which clogs pores and causes bacteria to multiply. It occurs due to hormonal imbalance, stress or poor hygiene.

Acne is one of the symptoms of vitamin A deficiency. Low vitamin A levels in the body weaken your immune system. It protects your skin from effectively fights inflammation. Imperfections find fertile ground to thrive. Topical or oral vitamin A supplements help reduce mild forms of acne. The absorption of foods rich in beta-carotene also contributes to the increase of vitamin A in the body.

Poor wound healing due to vitamin A deficiency

Vitamin A promotes collagen production. This protein structures the skin and gives it firmness and elasticity. Studies in rats have shown that administration of marine collagen after caesarean section promotes wound healing.

Collagen synthesis decreases with age. A wound that does not heal well after an accident or surgery should be taken seriously. This may be a symptom of vitamin A deficiency. vitamin A supplementation in dietary supplement form compensates for the deficiency. Eating foods rich in vitamins C and E helps protect collagen fibers and preserves skin elasticity.

Causes of vitamin A deficiency

Vitamin A or retinol finds its sources food products of animal origin. On the other hand, beta-carotene from fruits and vegetables is a precursor to vitamin A. When absorbed by the body, it is converted into vitamin A. Vitamin A deficiency is mainly due to two reasons.

A disordered diet causes vitamin A deficiency

Vitamin A is mainly obtained from food. A a diet low in fruits and vegetables or animal products for example, in the liver, there is a high risk of vitamin A deficiency. This is the case in some Asian countries where the diet is dominated by rice. In developing countries where food shortages are recurrent, a lack of vitamins such as retinol can lead to serious diseases. In addition, a vitamin C or zinc deficiency may interfere with the conversion of beta-carotene to vitamin A.

Diseases causing vitamin A deficiency

In addition to a diet low in retinol or beta-carotene, certain diseases can cause vitamin A deficiency. celiac disease, Crohn’s disease, cirrhosis or chronic diarrhea. Children and breastfeeding women have a higher risk of vitamin A deficiency.

  • The former have more low vitamin A capacity in the liver.
  • The latter need more vitamin A.

Have you recently noticed symptoms of vitamin A deficiency? See your doctor immediately. He will make an accurate diagnosis and help how to compensate for the deficiency. In any case, avoid taking vitamin A supplements without telling your healthcare provider. Want to learn more about vitamin A? Read our articles on this topic below.

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