Why and when should babies be supplemented with vitamin K1?

From birth to 6 months, the baby ‘s necessary and only food must be milk, or maternal or infantile. Breastfeeding is considered to be the most appropriate diet for babies during this period. The milk then meets all of the baby’s nutritional needs. Everyone … except one! Vitamin K. Physician Emilie Eyssartier, a pediatric surgeon and head of the Biloba program, sheds some light on the subject.

The role of vitamin K

Vitamins K come in two forms: K1 and K2, which play an equivalent role. They allow the synthesis of coagulation factors, thus preventing bleeding. In addition, they play an important role in fixing calcium on the bones.

Why should vitamin K1 be added to breastfed babies?

Vitamin K1 is present necessary for blood clottingbut only slightly enters breast milk. “, Says our expert. It will then be produced by bacteria that are normally present in the colon but have not yet colonized the newborn’s gut. It will also provide food too food diversification.

Should vitamin K be given during breastfeeding?

All newborns, even those born timely and healthy, should receive a dose of vitamin K shortly after birth and a second dose between 4 and 7 days of age. Finally, a third dose is needed for newborns who drink more than just baby milk. ” The need for vitamin K in a newborn drinking artificial milk is lower than in a breastfed newborn alone because it is present in artificial milk. However, he still needs to get a supplement. »

How long do babies need to be given vitamin K?

Therefore, as mentioned above, doses of vitamin K 3 are recommended. Schematic: 4 hours of life (shortly after birth), 4 days of life (actually 4 to 7 days) and 4 weeks of life (1 month of life) for babies born on time and in good health.

What form of vitamin K1 is given?

It can be injected or given orally, but current recommendations are for oral use (3 doses as mentioned earlier) if the baby is in good health and born on time. It’s a little different withthe premature baby was hospitalizedwhich has risk factors or, for example, needs to be operated on.

Vitamin K1 and the premature baby

It is necessary to give more vitamin K to premature babies due to its immature liver, which plays a major role in the synthesis of coagulation factors, and due to the delayed colonization of the bacteria that produce it in the gut. vitamin K “Explains the pediatrician.”

What are the risks of vitamin K deficiency?

The main risk of vitamin K deficiency is the cause hemorrhagic disease : bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract, mainly in young children, but also heavy bleeding into the brain, eyes, lungs, intestines… All of this can have dramatic consequences, and can even involve a vital prognosis », Supported by Dr. Emilie Eyssartier.

Is Vitamin K Deficiency In Adult Is It Possible?

As vitamin K deficiency grows, so does the latter, which is supplied by food, but is also synthesized by bacteria in the gut. However, certain intestinal diseases can cause such a deficiency, but this is not common!

Foods rich in vitamin K.

Vitamin K1 can be found in raw cabbage, spinach, broccoli, soybeans, lettuce or even carrot juice. “Vitamin K1 is mainly found in ‘leafy vegetables’, but also in soybean and rapeseed oils, in seaweed,” the pediatrician shares with us. Vitamin K2 is found in animal liver and fermented dairy products: cheese, butter and cream.

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