Vitamin K and the baby: when, how and why to give it?

What is Vitamin K?

Vitamin K is one of the vitamins are called fat-soluble, which means they are bound to fat and that’s it the organization may place them in reserve, unlike other so-called water-soluble (water-soluble) vitamins.

Dr André Werner: “It is an essential vitamin that is endogenously produced only by microbial bacteria and directly interferes with the blood clotting process.”

The name comes from a German word Coagulation.

There are three types of vitamin K: vitamin K1 who is fromof plant origin and mostly comes from green vegetables, vitamin K2 which is synthesized by mammalian intestinal bacteria and which is therefore found products of animal origin or to fermented products, and vitamins K3 which is completely synthetic. It’s here vitamin K1 to which it is allocated babies.

What is Vitamin K1 for Babies? What is the risk in case of deficiency?

Vitamin K, especially its K1 form, is involved in the process of blood clotting, which means that it allows the blood to form small clots. prevent internal or external bleeding. Vitamin K2, on the other hand, has a greater effect on soft tissue calcification by activating the proteins that regulate their location. calcium organism. So it can play an important role in prevention osteoporosis. Vitamin K also helps ensureflexibility arteries also in good condition blood vessels overall.

Why should a baby be given vitamin K at birth?

When a baby is born, its vitamin k stores is almost zero, as this vitamin is only very weakly transferred from mother to child during pregnancy. And unlike adults whose gut bacteria can produce vitamin K. microbiota baby isimmature and prevents him from producing his own vitamin K at birth. Therefore, babies who would not be offered this vitamin are at risk of bleeding due to internal bleeding.

A condition caused by a temporary deficiency of vitamin K is called neonatal hemorrhagic syndrome exists and affects one in 400 children. This can cause irreversible brain damage and justifies the administration of vitamin K to infants.

“Vitamin K is thereit is usually given by mouth: it is packaged in a small glass ampoule and the child is offered a small pipette, ”says the pediatrician. Each dose contains 2 mg Vitamin K. Vitamin K is prescribed to each baby from birth by a doctor in the maternity ward. The second dose is offered to him on the day he is released from motherhoodusually between D3 and D5. Finally, just because breastfed babies exclusively the last dose is given after one month parents.

Administration of vitamin K1 in the form of injections?

When the baby is particularly at risk, namely: in the presence of preterm birthlow birth weight (less than 2.5 kg), birth asphyxia, retinal jaundice, or maternal use of anticoagulants, vitamin K1 may be prescribed. by intramuscular or intravenous injection.

When to give the day: morning or evening?

The oral ampoule of vitamin K can be taken at any time of the day – in the morning, in the evening, before or after a meal.

Why give a third dose of vitamin K1 during an exclusive breastfeeding period of 1 month?

“It simply came to our notice then breastfed babies was close three to four times more often intracerebral hemorrhage than unborn babies, ”explains the pediatrician. In examining the issue, the researchers linked with this vitamin K, which is lacking in breast milk, col it enriches infant milk. Until 2014 the vitamin K1 dosing regimen was one dose per week Breast feeding exclusive. It was then modified following the European dose adjustment procedure. to new dosing schedule weekly dose until the end of breast-feeding third single dose after 1 month term for newborns.

Are there any side effects or risks of an allergic reaction?

Rare side effects with vitamin K include:
– Intramuscular use: risk of haematoma or bleeding disorders
– Intravenous use: risk allergic reactionsTipo urticariaitching, rash or exceptionally anaphylactic shock.

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